Beginning in June, 2005, one thousand wooden toy tops (koma) will be thrown into the strong ocean current known as Kuroshio, from the western shore of Yonaguni Island-the Southwestern Island in Japan. In total, ten-thousand toy tops will be released into the Kuroshio every two months over a period of 18 months. 
The objective of this research is to track which locations the toy tops have washed up onshore. In each release, the drifting buoy using the Inmarsat satellite will also be used to collect useful information on the toy tops' location, water temperature, etc.

Why & What for?

We will learn about the movements of the drifters into the Kuroshio and the seasonal and climatic changes of the ocean currents of the Kuroshio over time. As you see in the picture below, the Kuroshio (the Black Stream) is one of the biggest ocean currents in the Pacific. One part of the Kuroshio goes into the Sea of Japan and becomes the Tsushima Warm Current. Thus, many of the toy tops will probably be found on the coastal areas of Japan facing the Pacific, as well as the costal areas facing the Sea of Japan.
Also, the ocean currents will carry the rest of the drifters to islands and other lands around the Pacific.

Some researchers have noted that the first settlers in North America arrived by crossing over the land-bridge now known as the Bering Strait. A bridge of ice was believed to have connected the Bering Strait between Asia and North America  during the last Ice Age. 
However, recent research has found that those ancient revelers may have moved by sea. Indigenous people of the Japanese Jomon period may have crossed the Pacific by riding the Kuroshio. In fact, potteries similar to those of 
Jomon were found in Ecuador, which made some archaeologists think that some of them might have immigrated there. 
Researching the places of the stranded toy tops will possibly help us find some clues about ancient navigation. This experiment can be helpful in terms of ocean pollution as well. 

Instructions on the toy tops are written in various languages 
such as Japanese, English, Korean, Russian and Spanish. 
If you find a toy top (koma), please contact address below.

NIRAI KANAI Group 
1-3-12-403 Shinjuku Shinjuku-ku Tokyo Japan
Tel: 81-3-3341-6852 Fax: 81-3-3225-9494
E-Mail addresses:
NIRAI KANAI Office  ocean@nirai-kanai.org 
Mr.Masakatsu Gondo  koma@gondo.com
Dr.Curtis C.Ebbessmeyer  curtisebbesmeyer@comcast.net


The "Top" news headline!

20060219@The fifth "Toy Tops" released on 13th February. 
20051010-2
 Drifting buoy "Momo" found on the beach of Niijima-Island.
20051010-1
  The third gToy Topsh and drifting buoy released on 5th October.
20050810
   Drifting buoy "Momo" found on the beach of Yonaguni-Island
20050808    Tops and drifting buoys released on 1st  1st August, 2005
20050801-2
Tops will be released on 1st August, 2005
20050801-1 Tops released on 1st Jun, 2005


The "Toy Tops" Database


Released in 2005

Released in 2006